Effect of body mass index (BMI) on electrocardiographic P-wave dispersion among healthy adults

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Amita Kumari
Sunita .
Manish Kumar
Anita Kumari
Siddharth Kumar
Satish Dipankar


Background: According to the results of an electrocardiogram (ECG), a higher body mass index (BMI) indicates body fat and is linked to
a higher risk of cardiovascular illnesses. A noninvasive ECG signal called P-wave dispersion (Pd) can predict the likelihood of an atrial
arrhythmia and reflects atrial remodeling. Pd is calculated by computing the difference between the maximum and minimum P-wave
lengths captured from the 12 ECG lead recordings. To assess the early-stage risk of acquiring cardiovascular illnesses, we investigated
the effect of BMI on P-wave dispersion in healthy, overweight, and obese adults. Materials and Methods: Depending on their body mass
index (BMI), we divided 200 participants into three groups (normal weight, overweight, and obese) during a comparative cross-sectional
study. We measured 12-lead surface ECG and P-wave dispersion in study participants. Results: Mean P-wave lengths were 33.23(±
6.08), 33.15(± 5.16), and 46.15 (± 5.37), respectively, for people who were normal weight, overweight, and obese. Between the normalweight
and obese groups and the overweight and obese groups, there was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001), according to
Tukey’s post-hoc analysis. However, the normal-weight and overweight groups showed no statistically significant difference (P = 0.997).
Pearson’s correlation analysis shows that P-wave dispersion and BMI showed a significant positive connection (r = 0.632). Conclusion:
A higher BMI is linked to a longer P-wave duration and dispersion, even in healthy adults. The likelihood of left atrial hypertrophy and
atrial arrhythmia increases with a prolonged P-wave duration. This study emphasizes the importance of raising awareness about the
need to adopt healthy lifestyles to avoid the harmful effects of obesity on the heart

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How to Cite
Kumari, A. ., ., S., Kumar, M. ., Kumari, A. ., Kumar, S. ., & Dipankar, S. . (2023). Effect of body mass index (BMI) on electrocardiographic P-wave dispersion among healthy adults. INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY AND ALLIED SCIENCES, 75(03), 33–38. Retrieved from https://ijpas.org/index.php/ijpas/article/view/197
Research Article